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Zhejiang Mechanical and Electrical Vocational College innovates the adult higher education training model——"Dual System" Educating People to Break the Dilemma of Enterprises

来源:    作者:   时间:2020-08-11 11:08:27

Teachers from ZIME provide practical training and guidance to students

Vocational Education Enters the New Era·Experience

After more than a year of preparation, not long ago, the first apprenticeship class of "Zhejiang Energy College" jointly established by ZIME and Zhejiang Provincial Energy Group Company Ltd. officially opened. This class highlights the position of "Zheneng" as the main employer, integrates the "Zheneng" standard, and formulates a modular curriculum system and talent training plan to solve the structural dilemma between students' technical skills and job requirements.

This is the development and extension of the college's dual system project. Since 2007, our school has taken the lead in piloting the dual system for educating people across the country. It has now become an important part of the modern apprenticeship. The two have a common logic: how does vocational colleges break the talent dilemma for enterprises." said Wang Jianlin, deputy dean of ZIME.

How to improve the educational level of enterprise employees——

Enterprises broke the game, "dual system" landed

Jiang Weijin, who is in his 40s, sometimes wonders, if he hadn't filed that application 13 years ago, would he still be an unknown ordinary mechanic today?

Jiang Weijin is an employee of Ferrotec Corporation and worked in the enterprise after graduating from middle school. With the rapid development of the enterprise, he once wanted to get a college degree and obtain a technician qualification certificate, so that not only the salary can rise, but also able to keep up with the pace of technological change. However, things are not as simple as he thought. The contradiction between work and study is difficult to resolve. Without standardized training and learning, the chances of passing the adult college entrance examination are very small.

Jiang Weijin's distress is not rare in Ferrotec Corporation. According to a survey conducted by the Human Resources Department of the Group at that time, employees with a college degree or below accounted for about 40% of the total number of employees, and most of them have an urgent need to improve their academic qualifications. "We reported the situation to the board of directors, and the management was taking this situation very seriously, and clearly proposed a need to improve the overall educational level of the group's employees. While the firm need to introduce talents, it should also reform the current system." said Zhou Yi, the then head of the human resources department.

How toReform the current system? Thisrealproblemcame to Wang Jianlin. As an expert in the field of higher vocational education in China, Wang Jianlin first thought: the problem of large enterprises will become more prominent among the small and medium-sized enterprises in Zhejiang andthis challengemust beresolved!With littledomestic experience to follow, Wang Jianlin set his sights on Germany's "dual system."

The "Dual System"isoriginated from Germany. The core of the system is to jointlycultivate talents by the government, enterprises and vocational colleges. The situation has changed when transplanted here. The partners are higher vocational colleges and the training objects are enterprise employees. Wang Jianlin led the team to investigate, decided to adopt the core measures of German dual system cooperation, while emphasizing the return to the "adult nature", put forward the idea of"recruitment is recruitment" and "recruitment is recruitment", and worked with enterprises to seek government support.

The Zhejiang Provincial Department of Education quickly clarified the pilot reform and implemented a preferential policy for enrollment examinations: enterprise employees with three years of service participate in the national adult enrollment examination, intermediate workers add 20 points, senior workers add 30 points, and 20 points are reduced for admission.The Zhejiang Provincial Department of Human Resources and Social Security has formulated a technician evaluation policy to allow students in the "dual system" class to break through the original skill limit and gradual promotion test restrictions, and directly participate in the national vocational qualification level 2 (technician) vocational skills assessment.The tuition of the pilot class students is paid by the enterprise, and the graduate students are given a fixed position and salary increase. The tuition of the pilot class students is paid by the enterprise, and the graduate students are given a fixed position and salary increase. Everyone has the same idea, which is to solve the talent dilemma for enterprises. Therefore, even though the ‘dual system’ was an innovation more than ten years ago, it is still outdated today. "Wang Jianlin said.

How to train employees for the company——

"Dual system" educating people, passing the five barriers

I can sign up! Jiang Weijin was excited all night. The next day, he applied to the human resources department of the enterprise. After the enterprise is approved, the school assists the students in submitting materials and conducts pre-test cultural lesson guidance. Jiang Weijin took the adult college entrance examination and passed, and officially became a member of the first pilot class.

The "dual system" ofZhejiang Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineeringincludes five modes: dual enrollment, dual training, dual teacher, dual management, dual evaluation. What Jiang Weijin passed is only the first pass.

For example,Ferrotec Corporationis a Japanese company. Both the school and the enterprise determined the knowledge arrangement and teaching arrangement based on the operation process of mechanical products of small enterprises, adjusted English to Japanese, and set up 6 compulsory modules including mechanical product design, mechanical processing technology and implementation. There are 4 optional modules for equipment management and maintenance, quality control and inspection, and 3 self-learning modules for after-sales service. "Each module points to the real needs of the company, without any moisture." said Lou Yuehai, the head teacher of the pilot class.

According to regulations, the "dual system" adopts a flexible academic system and implements a credit system management. The theoretical training hours are not less than 100 class hours, and the post practice is not less than 200 class hours. Theoretical improvement class is divided into classes, and skills improvement are taught in different directions. The same class will set up practical skills training for different types of work according to the actual work division of the students according to the technician standards, helping the students to successfully pass the vocational skills appraisal of the human resources department and obtain the technician level Vocational qualification certificate.

In order to meet the requirements of on-the-job learning of enterprise employees, theory teaching is set up in dedicated classrooms and skill training in workshops every Friday and Saturday night. Jiang Weijin was deeply impressed by skills training. First, skills training accounted for more credits; second, training on familiar workshops and equipment, "If you don't feel panic, you can solve problems on the spot."

It is understood that in the “dual system” training, teachers, engineering and technical personnel, and front-line instructors are jointly appointed by both schools and enterprises to undertake the teaching work. Among them, theoretical teaching is held by school teachers with intermediate or above technical titles, enterprise engineering technicians, and skill training is performed by enterprise engineering technicians, masters or teachers with rich practical experience in the school.

School instructors focus on theoretical knowledge and R&D skills training to improve the overall quality of students. Enterprise mentors pay attention to skill improvement and process improvement, and each student will lead no more than 5 students. According to the assessment of the teaching workload, the corporate tutors will be paid by the enterprise for the tutors' courses, and the school tutors must rush from Hangzhou to various enterprises to teach courses every week.

"The difference from general training courses is that in response to the different needs of different companies, school instructors will adjust and organize groups accordingly. It can be said that the ‘dual system’ training is tailor-made for each company,” said Wang Jianlin.

After the expiration of the training period, the company and the school jointly assess the trainees, who have completed all theoretical and practical courses and passed the assessment, will be awarded a junior college adult diploma from Zhejiang Mechanical and Electrical Vocational and Technical College, and apply to the human resources and social department according to the regulations to carry out the skills of the trainees Appraisal, qualification certificates of occupation (type of work) are issued for qualified appraisal.

At the age of 28, Jiang Weijin successfully obtained a university diploma, a national vocational qualification technician grade certificate, and a utility model patent for "a test fixture joint used for product water pressure testing". In accordance with the previous agreement between the "dual system" school and enterprise, the improvement of academic qualifications is directly linked to the increase in salary. That year, Jiang Weijin's monthly salary rose by 1,000 yuan.

The first trial of the "dual system" was successful, and the model was quickly promoted in Zhejiang. At present, there are nearly 30,000 students of the "dual system" adult higher vocational education in Zhejiang Province, and more than 500 cooperative enterprises, which have become an important part of the "modern apprenticeship" of vocational education in Zhejiang Province. After 70% of the graduates, they became the backbone of the enterprise, and a group of star students such as Li Shuijun who developed more than 10 new products were born.

How to advance with the times to meet the needs of talent training——

"Dual System" first, "Three Religions" reform

During the interview, Wang Jianlin told reporters the true experience of more than 10 years: no matter how the economy fluctuates, how the company changes, there will always be a gap for outstanding technical personnel. "Even if the popularization rate of higher education is now high and the educational qualifications of enterprise employees have improved, this kind of training model will not be outdated, and it will provide a pioneering idea for the reform of vocational education'three educations'."

Talk about teaching materials first. The college and the enterprise jointly build a textbook development working group, which is composed of teachers from the professional teaching and research section, experts from the college's continuing education branch, and business backbones of the specific work departments of the enterprise. Team members comprehensively analyze the requirements of specific knowledge points in the teaching module, select teaching cases, and develop in combination with the work process. The backbone of the enterprise participates in the whole process. Teaching materials must reflect practicality and advancement, and reflect the actual technical level in the current production process. Take the work process and work tasks as the content and adopt the "task-driven" writing mode to complete the integration of knowledge points and skill elements.

At present, the "Dual System", "Modern Machine Tool Equipment", "Practical Inspection Technology", and "Quality System Training" jointly developed by schools and enterprises have become national "Thirteenth Five-Year" planning textbooks, completing the new profession of "Machinery Manufacturing Technologist" in Zhejiang Province Development of standard and supporting appraisal question bank.

Talk about the Professor next. The reform of the "Three Educations" proposes to build a high-level and structured teaching team. In the "dual system" reform, school teachers are rearranged to "arrange and combine" to connect teaching in groups. Take the "Dual System" teaching team of "Ferrotec CorporationThermal Magnetic" as an example. According to the teaching requirements of the enterprise, the school starts from the mathematics teaching and research section of the school basic department and the English teaching and research section, the mechanical basic teaching and research section of the mechanical engineering department, the mechanical manufacturing and automation teaching and research section, and the numerical control teaching and research section. The CAD teaching and research section reorganized more than 10 teachers to carry out related teaching and research work on the curriculum system, teaching content, and skill training. Although it is a brand new team, under a common vision, every teacher has made great progress. In the meantime, 3 teachers were promoted to the title of professor, and two teachers were awarded the title of "National Technical Expert".

The teaching method is also changing. "Dual system" is teaching in the real or simulated environment of the enterprise, which truly realizes "learning by doing, learning by doing". And because of the “flowing water from the source” of the enterprise, the college’s teaching is naturally “changing learning and new”. For example, the college relies on the flange production line as a carrier to carry out comprehensive teaching in its core course "intelligent production line comprehensive training". In the specific teaching process, the teacher encountered that the production line was too large, and students did not know how to start; the production line was too expensive, and it was difficult for students to have the opportunity to get started; the production line equipment was worn out and the maintenance cost was high; there was a lack of rich teaching technology In order to solve these problems, we are looking for informatization and intelligent means, choosing new digital twin technology, providing solutions and informatization technical support for solving these problems, and promoting the exploration of digital and informatization teaching of courses.

The basic concept of the'dual system' is to combine school learning with work practice to deliver more high-quality technical and technical talents to the labor market. This is the core of vocational education as type education and the direction of vocational education reform. . "Wang Jianlin said.

Practitioners say

[Said the Teacher]

Ye Hongchao, teacher of Intelligent Manufacturing College, ZIME:

The development of the "dual system" project still poses a big challenge for teachers. "Students don't run as teachers", special teaching materials are compiled for enterprises, practical teaching is arranged according to the needs of enterprises, and talent training programs are tailored. Although we have worked hard, the company has benefited a lot, especially in terms of employee loyalty to the company. Starting from the company and from the employees, the benefited employees are the backbone of the company's stability.

[Said the Enterprises]

Zhang Yabo, Vice President of Sanhua Group:

Most enterprises in Zhejiang Province do not have the conditions to carry out professional training. Generally, internal training can only be proficient in the skills of new employees, while the effect of improving skills and renewing knowledge of old employees has little effect. The "dual system" project is just right. Break through this bottleneck and become a way to cultivate skilled personnel.

[Said the student]

Zhang Wenqi from the Stone Components Division of Xinchang Sanhua Refrigeration Group Co., Ltd.:

Since I graduated from high school and started working, I have always regretted losing the opportunity to study at university. The cooperation between the school and the enterprise now allows us to continue studying in the workplace, which is something I dare not imagine before.

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